Wastewater solutions are a must in every home, commercial building, or public works. Not only do wastewater management systems help conserve water through recycling, but they also reduce the stress on freshwater systems and contribute towards sustainable development.
Wastewater is produced every time you use a toilet, wash dishes, or bathe, etc. Industrial processes and rainwater runoff also produces wastewater. Basically, water that has already been used and cannot be reused is called wastewater. It is full of bacteria and harmful toxins that need to be eliminated through special processes. Wastewater treatment systems remove pollutants, microbes, and toxins, and make wastewater safe. It can then be released back into the environment. A good wastewater treatment system efficiently recycles wastewater, producing pure water that can be safely used. Wastewater management systems can either be biological or chemical (also known as physical) based.
Types of RWTS Systems:
Reflections Wastewater Treatment Solutions (or RWTS) has over 20 years of experience manufacturing, installing and maintaining water treatment systems. Our team of experts assess your needs and helps you identify the right system for you or your project. We offer two types of treatment systems: Recirculating Textile Filter (RTF) and Intermittent Sand Filter (ISF). This new generation of onsite wastewater systems is suited for homes, commercial buildings of all sizes, or any other facility looking for wastewater solutions.
The Recirculating Textile Filter (RTF): How it works
The RTF system mainly uses biological processes to treat wastewater. This process involves two stages, primary treatment, and secondary advanced treatment.
In the primary stage, all household wastewater flows to a large chamber through a single drain. The solid particles settle in the chamber allowing naturally occurring bacteria to break them down through anaerobic digestion. Lighter particles and fats float on the surface while the heavier particles sink to the bottom of the chamber. An effluent filter holds back the solid particles while allowing the liquid wastewater to pass through to the recirculation chamber at the bottom of the RTF unit.
Advanced Secondary Treatment: Classified as a Pack Bed Reactor Treatment plant, this unit is miles ahead of the other available systems in the market which only offer treatment till the secondary treatment level. It was specially designed keeping sensitive environments in mind. It does away with mechanical aerators, diffusers, and blowers which other commercially available systems rely on. Instead, it uses completely natural ways to oxygenate the effluent.
The textile media contains air that supplies oxygen to the bacteria living on the textile surface. At periodic intervals, a specific quantity of wastewater from the recirculation chamber is sprayed on the textile bed. As the effluent trickles down, through the bed, the thriving bacteria colony attached to the textile media feeds on the organic material in the effluent. The bacteria keeps working on the effluent until it is clean. The treated effluent then drops into the pump chambers below the textile bed. 80% falls back in the recirculation chamber where it mixes with incoming sewage and restarts the process of sending wastewater back to the top of the textile bed. The remaining 20% is collected in the treated effluent chamber; it can be pumped for irrigation, gardening, etc.
Intermittent Sand Filter or ISF: How it works
The first few steps during the primary treatment stage are similar to that of RTF systems. Wastewater is sent to a settling chamber or a septic tank. Naturally occurring bacteria breaks down solid particles while fats and lighter particles float above. The liquid wastewater passes through an effluent filter, and solid material remains behind. At this stage, the wastewater is reduced by almost 50 percent which is then pumped into a buried ISF unit.
In the Advanced Secondary Treatment stage, the ISF unit ‘polishes’ the effluent using natural processes and the latest sand grading technology. The wastewater, pumped from the primary unit, slowly percolates down the layers of crushed rock (scoria) and sand. Biological processes, similar to the ones that occur during soil treatment of wastewater, help remove harmful pathogens and microbes. Clean and treated water is then collected at the base of the IFS unit where it is available for use. This water can safely be used without more treatments like the addition of chlorine or ozone treatment for irrigation.
The final product, the treated water, has very few suspended solids and fecal coliforms, and low biological oxygen demand. For both the systems, the treated water can be used for irrigation via a pressure compensated irrigation line buried in the topsoil or mulch.
Advantages of installing a Reflection Wastewater Treatment Solutions System:
The long-term benefits of installing an RWTS unit far outweigh the initial set-up cost.
1) Out of sight, out of mind:
The water treatment unit works quietly, so much so that you won’t even know it’s there. This is possible because it does not have a noisy blower or an activated sludge pump. Also, it is completely odour-free. It takes up little space and is simple to operate and easy to maintain.
2) Save money:
It is one of the most cost-effective systems available in the market today. By replacing expensive parts like blowers and activated sludge pumps with the more advanced Pack Bed Reactor, RWTS systems help save on daily running costs and maintenance. For an average-sized home, the power cost per day averages to about 20 cents – less than half the price you would pay for a more traditional aerator system.
3) Environmentally friendly:
The unobtrusive looking system consumes less power and safely recycles wastewater into clean water which can be used for irrigation, etc. Not only is the unit eco-friendly, but it also helps support the sustainability of natural resources.
4) Peace of
All RWTS units are easy and simple to maintain. Systems installed by us are covered under a warranty so you can relax and leave the work to us. If you still have questions regarding our state of art systems, you can always contact us here. Our expert team will guide and help you pick the right system for your needs.